Ida: A Sword among Lions: Ida B. Wells and the Campaign against Lynching - Paula J. Giddings

Not only should we thank Toni Morrison for her beautiful novels and wonderful essays, but also for pushing Giddings to write this important biography of Ida B. Wells.  And Giddings deserves thanks and love times ten for this work.


                I didn’t realize how unusual some of my schooling was until I started to teach.  For instance, because I had a teacher who was a descendent of Sally Hemmings and who told the class the story of Sally Hemmings, I always took that relationship with Jefferson as a given fact.  It wasn’t until I was teaching that I realized some students in this day when Dr. Gordon-Reed has proven the fact, that people still are not told of the history.


                But even with that background, I did not hear about Ida B Wells until after college when I was reading a book that referenced her.  I looked her up.  Today, we are lucky because her work is very accessible with the rise of e-books and texts.  Giddings’ book does this famous woman a service but will also leave you wondering why it took so long.  (Not that this is Giddings fault and she does examine some of these questions).


                Ida B. Wells was a woman who most likely was not easy to get along with but who needs more statues because we should remember her and shout her name from the roof tops.  It is because of Wells’ work as a journalist that we have the first major studies about lynching, a part of American history that we have yet to fully acknowledge and come to terms with as a nation.  Perhaps her work on this dark issue has lead to her unjust and incorrect second tier status; a nation wants to forget such things.  It shouldn’t though. 



                Born to former slaves who died when she was in her teens, Wells worked first as a teacher and then as a journalist and activist.  In fact, Giddings includes in the photo section, a post that showcases Wells, Dubois, Washington, and Douglass as the famous speakers on race post-Civil War.  During the course of her career, Wells addressed the politics and racism of rape, of education, and of protesting in addition to lynching.  She was instrumental in the founding and running of several black groups


                She was a hell of a woman, and not a tradition meek and mild sort either.


                Giddings’ biography perhaps focuses more on Wells’ personal life, her interior life being difficult to know or evaluate.  It is still a riveting book.  Giddings’ prose is lively and clear.  While there is a sense of Wells keeping herself back, Giddings does an excellent job of not only detailing the historical times but also examining the possible reasons for Wells’ drive.  She also does not make out Wells to be saint than sinner.


                A must read.